Well Woman Profile

 

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What can I expect from the Well Woman Profile?

This profile is our most comprehensive general wellness profile for women. It covers an extensive range of biomarkers and is designed to give you a tailored view of your overall health


 

This test checks 58 different biomarkers.

Click on the sections below to discover more detailed information

 

Adjusted Calcium

The adjusted calcium blood test measures the amount of free, metabolically active calcium in your blood. This is essential for healthy teeth, bones and other tissues. 

Calcium

Calcium is an important mineral which is found in the bones as well as circulating in the blood. It has a range of functions and is essential in bone formation and blood clotting. Calcium tests are used to diagnose and monitor conditions relating to the bone, heart and kidneys. 

Creatine Kinase

A small amount of creatine kinase in the blood is normal. Higher amounts can mean a health problem. Depending on the type and level of creatine kinase found it can be a sign of damage to the muscles, heart or brain. 

The liver is responsible for many of the body's essential functions such as regulating blood sugar levels, fighting infections and detoxifying your blood. Good liver function is vital to your overall health and wellbeing.

Alanine Transaminase

Alanine Transaminase (ALT) is an enzyme which can be found mostly in the liver and in small amounts in the heart, kidneys and the skeletal muscle. It is released into the bloodstream during an injury to the heart, liver, kidney and skeletal muscle. ALT tests can be used to diagnose liver disease. 

Albumin

Albumin is a protein specifically produced in the liver. Its function consists of keeping fluids in the bloodstream as well as transporting substances like hormones and vitamins throughout the body. Albumin tests can be used to help diagnose and monitor diseases of the liver and kidney. 

Alkaline Phosphatase

Alkaline Phosphate (ALP) is an enzyme found mostly in the liver and bone. ALP tests can be used to diagnose liver or bone disease. 

Aspartate Aminotransferase

Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST) is an enzyme produced by the liver. It is released into the bloodstream during an injury of the heart, liver and skeletal muscle. AST tests can be used to detect liver disease.

Gamma Glutamyl Transferase

Gamma Glutamyl Transferase (GGT) is an enzyme mostly found in the liver and is also present in the gallbladder, spleen, pancreas and kidney. It is a significant enzyme used in the liver metabolism of drugs and other toxins. GGT tests can be used to detect liver disease and bile duct injury.

Globulin

Globulin is a protein produced in the liver by the immune system. It is important in liver function, blood clotting and fighting infections. Globulin tests can be used to diagnose conditions including liver damage or disease, kidney disease and autoimmune disorders. 

Total Bilirubin

Total Bilirubin is a test which measures the amount of bilirubin in the blood. Bilirubin can be found in bile to help digest food. It is also produced from broken down haem, which is old red blood cells that used to carry oxygen around the body. Total bilirubin tests can be used to diagnose and monitor liver diseases and certain types of anaemia.

Total Protein

Total Protein is the total amount of two proteins found in the serum of the blood, these are albumin and globulin. Albumin is needed to keep fluid in the bloodstream whereas globulin is an essential part of the immune system. Total protein tests are used as an indicator to there being a problem with albumin or globulin levels.

A full blood count can be used to check your overall health and may help detect a wide range of issues such as infection, anaemia and leukaemia.

Basophils

Basophils are one of the several kinds of white blood cells you have in your body. Basophils are a part of your immune system and are created inside of your bone marrow.

Basophils percent

This is a laboratory calculation based on the number of Basolphils.

Eosinophils

Eosinophils are a kind of white blood cell that helps fight disease. Eosinophils do two important things in your immune system: curb infections and boost inflammation, which can help you fight off a disease.

Eosinophils percent

This is a laboratory calculation based on the number of Eosinophils.

Haematocrit

This test tells how much of your blood is made up of red blood cells. A low score may be a sign that you don’t have enough iron, the mineral that helps your body make red blood cells. A high score could mean you’re dehydrated or have another condition.

Haemoglobin

This is the protein in your blood that holds oxygen.

Lymphocytes

Lymphocytes are a type of white blood cell. They’re an important part of your immune system

Lymphocytes percent

This is a laboratory calculation based on the number of Lymphocytes.

Mean Cell Haemoglobin Concentration

Mean Cell Haemoglobin Concentration is the average concentration of hemoglobin in your red blood cells.

Mean Cell Haemoglobin

Mean Cell Haemoglobin is the average mass of hemoglobin (Hb) per red blood cell (RBC) in a sample of blood.

Mean Corpuscular Volume

Mean Cell Volume (MCV) measures the average size of your red blood cells.

Mean Platelet Volume

Mean Platelet Volume (MPV) tests show the mean number of platelets you have in your blood.

Monocytes

Monocytes are a type of white blood cell in your immune system. Monocytes turn into macrophage or dendritic cells when an invading germ or bacteria enters your body. The cells either kill the invader or alert other blood cells to help destroy it and prevent infection.

Monocytes percent

This is a laboratory calculation based on the number of monocytes as described in the section above.

Neutrophils

Neutrophils are a type of white blood cell. They make up the biggest number of all kinds of white blood cells. They kill and digest bacteria and fungi to help your body fight infections and heal wounds. 

Neutrophils percent

This is a laboratory calculation based on the number of neutrophils.

View more products with Neutrophils percent

Platelet Count

A platelet count is a lab test to measure how many platelets you have in your blood. Platelets are parts of the blood that help the blood clot.

Red Cell Count

A red blood cell (RBC) count is a blood test that tells you how many red blood cells you have.

Red Cell Distribution Width

A red cell distribution width (RDW) test measures the differences in the volume and size of your red blood cells (erythrocytes)

White Cell Count

White Cell Count measures the number of white cells in your blood.

Your kidneys play a vital role in keeping your body functioning including the removal of waste products, releasing hormones to regulate blood pressure and controlling the production of red blood cells. A healthy kidney function is vital to your overall health and wellbeing.

Creatinine

Creatinine is a waste product produced by the muscles during contraction. It can be found in the blood and urine as it is excreted by the kidneys. Creatinine tests are used as an indicator of whether the kidneys are working normally.

estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate

Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) is a measurement of glomerular function. Glomeruli are the filters in the kidney used to filter waste products from the blood. GFR tests are used to detect and monitor changes in the kidney status.

Urea

Urea is a waste product of the amino acids found in proteins. It is released into the bloodstream and the kidney filters urea out of the blood and excretes it in the urine. Urea tests are used to show how well the kidneys are working as well as an indicator for diseases affecting the kidneys and liver.

Iron studies are a set of blood tests used to measure the amount of iron carried in the blood and stored in the bodies tissues. Iron deficiency can be the cause of a wide range of symptoms such as fatigue, chest pains and a shortness of breath. 

Ferritin

Ferritin is a blood protein that contains iron and it is an important measure of levels of iron storage in the body because it can provide an early sign of iron deficiency. It If your level is low, it may mean you have iron deficiency. High ferritin levels can indicate iron overload but also things like inflammation, liver disease, rheumatoid arthritis or thyroid disease. 

Iron

Iron is an important mineral that is involved in red blood cell metabolism and oxygen transport. Iron studies are used to identify iron deficiency or overload states. 

Total Iron-Binding Capacity

Total iron binding concentration measures the blood's ability to attach itself to iron and transport it around the body. If you have iron deficiency (a lack of iron in your blood), your total iron binding capacity may be high. 

Transferrin Saturation

Transferrin is a protein found in the blood that transports iron through the blood to various tissues such as the liver, spleen, and bone marrow. When your body's stores of iron run low, your liver produces more transferrin to get more iron into your blood. The result of this is that your transferrin becomes less saturated with iron and this is why a low level of transferrin saturation can mean that you are suffering from iron deficiency. 

Unsaturated Iron-Binding Capacity

Unsaturated Iron Binding Concentration (UIBC) is the amount of transferrin that is reserved for the iron transportation. Iron is used for the transportation of oxygen in the blood. A high unsaturated iron binding concentration may indicate iron deficiency but it can also be increased in pregnancy and with the use of oral contraceptives. A low unsaturated iron binding capacity may occur if someone has malnutrition, inflammation, kidney or liver disease. 

Vitamins are a group of substances that our bodies need for normal cell function, growth and development. Vitamin deficiencies can be the cause of a wide range of common symptoms and conditions. 

 

Folate

Vitamin B9 (also known as folate) is essential for DNA production and the development of red blood cells. A lack of folate can cause anaemia, increase your risk of heart disease and bowel cancer. It can increase your risk of infertility. 

 

Vitamin B12

Vitamin B12 is a vitamin which is necessary for the formation of red blood cells, tissue and cellular repairs and nerve health. It can be found in animal products such as poultry, milk and eggs. Vitamin B12 tests are used to help diagnose the cause of anaemia.

 

Vitamin D

Vitamin D is a vitamin which is used in the regulation of calcium and magnesium absorption from the gut, it is also important for the growth and health of bones. Vitamin D comes from two sources; it can be ingested from foods and supplements or be produced in the skin once it is exposed to sunlight. Vitamin D tests are used to identify vitamin D deficiency and to monitor disease that interfere with fat absorption like Crohn’s disease.

Hormones are biochemical substances produced by various glands in the body, forming a part of the endocrine system. They are secreted directly into the bloodstream and travel to specific organs or tissues where they exert their effects. 

Hormones act as chemical messengers and play a crucial role in regulating many physiological processes in the body. Their functions include:

Growth and Development: Hormones like growth hormone and thyroid hormones are essential for normal growth and development, particularly during childhood and adolescence.

Metabolism: Hormones such as insulin, glucagon, and thyroid hormones regulate metabolism, influencing how the body uses and stores energy.

Reproduction: Hormones like oestrogen, progesterone, testosterone, luteinizing hormone (LH), and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) are vital for sexual development and reproductive function.

Mood and Cognitive Functions: Hormones can influence brain function, affecting mood, stress levels, and cognitive abilities. Examples include cortisol, which is involved in stress response, and oestrogen, which can affect mood and cognitive function.

Regulation of Body Functions: Hormones regulate a wide range of body functions, including blood pressure, heart rate, appetite, sleep cycles, and body temperature.

Response to Stress and Injury: Hormones such as adrenaline (epinephrine) and cortisol are released in response to stress or injury, preparing the body to react to challenging situations.

The endocrine system, which includes glands like the pituitary, thyroid, adrenals, pancreas, and gonads (ovaries and testes), works intricately to maintain hormonal balance. 

Imbalances in hormone levels can lead to various health problems, such as diabetes, thyroid disorders, growth disorders, reproductive issues, and mood disorders. 

Hormones are integral to the overall functioning of the human body and your wellbeing.

 

Follicular Stimulating Hormone

Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) is a gonadotropin, a type of hormone produced by the pituitary gland, which plays a crucial role in the reproductive systems of both men and women.

 

In women, FSH is key to the menstrual cycle and fertility:

 

Ovarian Follicle Development: FSH stimulates the growth of ovarian follicles in the ovary before the release of an egg at ovulation.

 

Estradiol Production: The developing follicles produce estradiol, an estrogen, which is crucial for the reproductive cycle.

 

Menstrual Cycle Regulation: FSH levels vary throughout the menstrual cycle and are highest just before ovulation.

 

In men, FSH is essential for the production and health of sperm:

 

Sperm Production: FSH stimulates the Sertoli cells in the testes, which are crucial for spermatogenesis (the production of sperm).

 

Testicular Health: It helps maintain the size and health of the testes.

 

FSH levels are used as an important diagnostic tool in assessing fertility and reproductive health. In women, abnormal FSH levels can indicate issues such as ovarian failure, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), or menopause. In men, abnormal levels can indicate problems with the testes or with the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis, which can affect sperm production and overall fertility.

 

Monitoring FSH levels can provide valuable information in the evaluation and treatment of infertility, as well as in understanding other reproductive health issues.

 

Luteinizing Hormone

Luteinising Hormone (LH) is a hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland in the brain. It plays a vital role in sexual development and functioning for both men and women.

 

In women, LH is essential for regulating the menstrual cycle. It triggers ovulation, the process where an egg is released from the ovary. This hormone's levels fluctuate throughout the menstrual cycle, peaking just before ovulation. In men, LH stimulates the production of testosterone by the testes. Testosterone is crucial for sperm production and maintaining male reproductive health.

 

Testing for LH levels can be important for several reasons:

 

Assessing Fertility: In women, LH testing is often used to determine the timing of ovulation for those trying to conceive. For men, an LH test can help evaluate the function of the testes and testosterone production, which is important for understanding fertility issues.

 

Diagnosing Menstrual Irregularities: Abnormal LH levels can be a cause of irregular or absent menstrual cycles, which is an important diagnostic factor in conditions like polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) or amenorrhea (absence of menstruation).

 

Evaluating Pituitary Function: Since LH is produced by the pituitary gland, abnormal levels can indicate issues with pituitary function. This might be relevant in the diagnosis of pituitary disorders.

 

Monitoring Hormone Replacement Therapy: LH levels can be checked to monitor the effectiveness of hormone replacement therapy, particularly in the context of menopausal symptoms or hypogonadism in men.

 

Understanding Early or Delayed Puberty: In children, abnormal levels of LH can be a sign of either early (precocious) or delayed puberty, helping guide further investigation and management.

 

An LH test is a valuable tool in understanding reproductive health, diagnosing and managing disorders of the reproductive system, and monitoring treatments related to hormonal issues.

 

 

 

The effects of LH levels on men can be understood in a few key aspects:

 

Testosterone Production: LH stimulates the Leydig cells in the testes to produce testosterone. Testosterone is crucial for many aspects of male health, including sexual development, libido, muscle mass, bone density, and mood regulation. Abnormally low or high LH levels can lead to imbalances in testosterone production.

 

Fertility: LH is also important for spermatogenesis, the process of sperm production. It works in conjunction with follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) to ensure the proper development and function of the testes. Altered LH levels can impact sperm production and quality, affecting fertility.

 

Pubertal Development: During puberty, increased levels of LH trigger the development of secondary sexual characteristics in boys, such as increased muscle mass, body hair, and changes in voice. Abnormal LH levels during this time can lead to issues with pubertal development, such as delayed or incomplete puberty.

 

Bone Health: Since LH influences testosterone levels, and testosterone is essential for bone health, imbalances in LH can indirectly affect bone density. Low testosterone levels can increase the risk of osteoporosis and fractures.

 

Psychological and Cognitive Effects: Testosterone, regulated by LH, can impact mood and cognitive function. Imbalances in LH and consequently in testosterone levels might contribute to mood disorders, changes in libido, and cognitive difficulties.

 

Metabolic Effects: Testosterone, influenced by LH levels, also plays a role in metabolism, body composition, and fat distribution. Imbalances can lead to metabolic issues, changes in body composition, and increased risk of obesity and related conditions.

 

Abnormally high or low levels of LH can indicate various health issues, including hypogonadism, pituitary gland disorders, or issues with the testes. Therefore, maintaining a balance in LH levels is important for overall health and well-being in men.

 

 

Oestradiol

Oestradiol is a form of oestrogen, which is a female sex hormone. It plays a crucial role in the development and functioning of female reproductive tissues, such as the breasts, ovaries, and uterus. Oestradiol is also important in regulating the menstrual cycle and reproductive system.

 

In addition to its role in the reproductive system, oestradiol has other significant functions. It helps maintain bone density, supports cardiovascular health, and influences mood and cognitive function. The hormone is produced primarily in the ovaries in premenopausal women and is also produced in smaller amounts by other tissues such as the adrenal glands, fat tissues, and the brain, both in women and in men.

Levels of oestradiol vary throughout a woman's life, being highest during the reproductive years and dropping significantly after menopause.

 

Testing oestradiol levels can be important for various reasons, such as evaluating fertility, understanding the causes of menstrual irregularities, assessing menopausal status, or monitoring hormone replacement therapy.

 

Low levels can lead to symptoms such as hot flashes, night sweats, and osteoporosis, while unusually high levels may indicate conditions like ovarian tumors or estrogen dominance.

 

Oestradiol, although typically associated with women, also plays important roles in men's health. In men, oestradiol is produced mainly by the conversion of testosterone through the action of an enzyme called aromatase, which is present in fat tissues, the brain, testes, and other tissues.

 

The functions of oestradiol in men include bone health, fertility, brain function, cardiovascular health, fat metabolism and muscle health.

 

While high levels of oestradiol in men can lead to problems such as gynecomastia (development of breast tissue), erectile dysfunction, and infertility, very low levels are also problematic, as they can increase the risk of osteoporosis and other health issues. Therefore, maintaining a balance of oestradiol is important for overall health in men.

Thyroid disorders are common but often remain undiagnosed. If your thyroid isn't functioning properly, it can cause tiredness, mood problems and weight issues. 

 

Free T4 (thyroxine)

Free T4 (free thyroxine) is a hormone produced by the thyroid gland. This hormone is involved in several body functions including metabolism and growth. It can be used for the diagnosis of thyroid diseases such as hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism as well as aiding the diagnosis of female infertility problems. Free T4 is commonly tested with TSH. 

 

Thyroid Stimulating Hormone

Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) are made by the pituitary gland in the brain to stimulate the thyroid gland (located by the throat). The hormones that are produced are used to regulate weight, body temperature and muscle strength. Levels of TSH are measured as it is an indicator of thyroid disease and is commonly tested with Free T4 and Free T3. It will give you a very good indication of whether your thyroid is functioning normally or not which can lead to tiredness, mood problems and weight issues.

Checking your levels of HbA1c is a way of confirming if you have (or are at risk of developing) diabetes. Unmanaged or undiagnosed diabetes is one of the leading causes of mortality. For anyone who already knows they have diabetes, regular HbA1c checks are essential to monitor progress. 

 

Haemoglobin A1c

Haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) test is used to measure the average level of blood sugar over the past two to three months and is commonly used to diagnose and monitor diabetes. The sugar is called glucose which builds up in the blood and binds to the haemoglobin in the red blood cells. 

High cholesterol levels can cause your arteries to become blocked - leading to coronary heart disease, heart attack or stroke. Finding out about high levels of cholesterol can help you to make the positive lifestyle and dietary changes needed to improve your chances of a long and healthy life.

HDL percentage

This is the percentage of Total Cholesterol that consists of ‘good’ (HDL) cholesterol. 

High Density Lipoprotein

High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) is a form of cholesterol which is classified as the ‘good’ cholesterol. Its main function is to help remove cholesterol from the heart’s arteries. HDL tests are used to estimate the risk of developing circulatory diseases such as heart attacks and strokes. 

Low Density Lipoprotein

Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) is classified as the ‘bad’ cholesterol, this causes cholesterol build-up and blockage in the arteries. LDL tests are used to estimate the risk of developing circulatory diseases such as heart attacks and strokes. 

Non-HDL-Cholesterol

Non-HDL Cholesterol is the number of total cholesterols without the high-density lipoprotein (HDL), the ‘good’ cholesterol. Non-HDL cholesterol tests are used to investigate the lipid profile during the estimation of the risk of developing circulatory diseases such as heart attacks and strokes. 

Total Cholesterol

Total Cholesterol is a measurement of the total amount of cholesterol in the blood, this includes low-density and high-density lipoprotein cholesterols. It is used to produce hormones for development, growth and reproduction. Total cholesterol tests are used to estimate the risk of developing circulatory diseases such as heart attacks and strokes. 

Total Cholesterol: HDL Ratio

Total Cholesterol: HDL Ratio is a calculation which indicates the ratio of ‘good’ cholesterol in terms of the total cholesterol in the body. HDL helps to remove cholesterol from the heart’s arteries. Total cholesterol: HDL ratio tests are used to estimate the risk of developing circulatory diseases such as heart attacks and strokes. 

Triglyceride

Triglyceride is a type of fat stored in the body’s tissues and can derive from foods such as butter and oil. Triglyceride tests are used to investigate the lipid profile during the estimation of the risk of developing circulatory diseases such as heart attacks and strokes. 

Inflammation is a process by which your body's white blood cells protect you from infection from external bacteria and viruses. Checking for inflammation can help diagnose a wide range of conditions.

High Sensitivity C-Reactive Protein

C-reactive protein is a protein made by your liver. A high C-reactive protein result can be a sign of acute inflammation. It may be due to infection, injury or chronic disease. 

Minerals are essential elements that our bodies need to develop and function properly. Mineral deficiency is very common and can lead to a wide range of symptoms and conditions.

Magnesium

Magnesium is a mineral found mainly in the bone, but it can also be seen in the blood. It is used for energy production, muscle contraction and for maintaining strong bones. The body regulates the magnesium levels by regulating the amount being absorbed from the intestines and the amount being excreted in the urine. Magnesium tests are used to investigate the severity of kidney problems as well as diagnosing and monitoring gastrointestinal disorders.

Gout is a common and complex form of arthritis that can affect anyone and is caused by high levels of uric acid. Once diagnosed there are ways to manage symptoms and prevent recurrence.

Urate

Uric acid is a chemical created when the body breaks down substances called purines. Purines are normally produced in the body and are also found in some foods and drinks. Most of the time, a high uric acid level occurs when your kidneys don't eliminate uric acid efficiently. Things that may cause this slow-down in the removal of uric acid include being overweight, having diabetes, taking certain diuretics (sometimes called water pills) and alcohol. 

 


 

How does it work?

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There is no better way to check for underlying health problems or monitor existing conditions, than with a blood test. In collaboration with our dedicated state-of-the-art laboratory partner in London we offer the latest in pathology testing solutions across many disciplines including biochemistry, immunology, haematology, and molecular biology. 

Whether you are concerned about your health, managing an existing condition or simply curious, our partner laboratory provides a fast, affordable, and easy way to start taking charge of your own health. 

You will receive your results on the day after your sample is received by the laboratory, this is usually within 2-3 days of having your blood taken in-store. 

The laboratory runs a 24/7 operation and tests all samples as quickly as possible after receiving them which enables the team of in-house GPs to review and communicate your results in the fastest possible timeframe. 

*It is important to note that blood tests alone are not a substitute for seeing a doctor, particularly if you have any symptoms. You should not make a diagnosis or start any treatment without a consultation with a doctor or suitably trained healthcare professional.